Communication is an exchange of information designed to serve the function and growth of a system. It is a fragile and complex fuel source, in which the quality of said information and the abilities of both benefactor and beneficiary are imperative to the existence and advancement of the system. The successful communication and ultimate function of one machine relays upon the communication and function of multiple interior machines. By this rationale it can be said that the existence and advancement of one system will inevitably mean the destruction of another. Limitations to the functionality of the machine are dictated by the advancement and individuality of the communicating elements. Failure in communication occurs when the system is no longer served by the exchange of information through the transmitting elements inadequacy, leading to the inevitable collapse of the system as a result of the communicative triumph of another.
‘Information theory is the quantitative study of signal transmission and is largely applied to information technology and communications engineering.’ (Kaplan, G. 2014, “Animal communication”, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 661-677). The existence and reproduction of any system relies upon the information exchange between the communicative elements within the system. From the personal relationships between humans through to the function of atoms, this exchange is signal based. The system of the atom functions to create compounds through different elements being drawn to one another, forming bonds between themselves. (Besaw, J.E., Warburton, P.L. & Poirier, R.A. 2015, “Atoms and bonds in molecules: topology and properties”, Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, vol. 134, no. 10, pp. 1-15).For example information exchange occurs between sodium and chlorine where sodium donates an electron to chlorine resulting in an ionic bond between the atoms creating sodium chloride, commonly known as salt. DNA communicates by providing a template for instructions which are sent in the form of mRNA hormones and other DNA derived complexes and distributed throughout the body. These signals are responsible for everything from our growth and development to our ability to fight illness. Whales relay primarily on sound to communicate, Orcas for example sing to one another with each pod having a slightly different song. The use of unique sound allows Orcas to identify members of their own group for warning against potential danger and mating, which serves to help their own family unit thrive as well as their species as a whole.
Human communication can be reached through a myriad of options including body language, eye contact, vocal tone, language and art. What sets us aside from other systems is our mental and emotional development as individuals. Humans have an evolved sense of self awareness and conscious identity which is greatly impacted by the time, environment, culture and personal relationships we are surrounded by in our lives and development. This advanced mentality and identity has allowed us to continue creating new possibilities for communication with one another, once we drew on cave walls to share information and now we operate social media accounts via the internet. (Yeger, H. 2015, “The evolution of human communication”, Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 289-290). Due to the significance of self-awareness and identity the system of human functionality can be broken down from the larger existence and continuation of Homo sapiens, to the advancement of a diverse range of sub-systems including but nowhere near limited to; race, religion, country, region, community, political government, business, sporting team, family, partnership and individual. ‘The self is both personal and collective, and shifts in the nature of self-categorisation produce qualitative shifts in judgments of oneself and others. Through one’s identity as a group member, contemporary social forces can shape the psychology of the person’ (Reynolds, K. & Turner, J. 2006, “Individuality and the prejudiced personality”, European Review of Social Psychology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 233-270).
Limitations to communication are governed by the advancement of the exchanging elements within the system. If a system is not evolved enough to be able to communicate quickly and efficiently enough to spread the warning of an oncoming threat and devise an offense than it will surely be destroyed. An obvious example of this is the virus; the system of a virus communicates in order to spread and replicate itself as quickly and efficiently as possible in order to infect as many other systems as it can. If the infected host system is not able eradicate the virus through its own communication it will become sick and inevitably collapse. This in itself is a successful example of communication as the virus was victorious because of a functioning system, within that system a system of molecules and atoms had also communicated effectively. Communication is limited by the laws of nature in that for something to flourish something else will inevitably perish and vice versa.
At the other end of the spectrum if a systems communicators are too individually developed the greater good will be neglected. In the case of mankind, we are so internally focused on our own personal systems of communication and growth that we are at risk of not effectively contributing to the larger system of existence and functionality as a species and as a result the larger system is subject to failure. We are known to devote ourselves to individual expression and development through self-image which is sculpted by our personal relationships, history, experience, creativity, possession, ethnicity and nationality to name a few, which can lead to neglect of the larger machine. Our communication is limited by the personal influences of the culture, place and time we have developed in as well as the personal experiences that have shaped our individual and collective disposition and values, these factors govern the way we give and receive information. This is seen on the small scale when information exchange is hindered by ethnic language barriers, education systems fail to cater to individual capability, political governments have not served the needs of the public and as simple as the contradicting personal values and character traits of individuals.
Communication fails when the system is no longer served by the information being exchanged through the adequacy of the benefactor and beneficiary components. Once the systems functionality and growth is not being fed it is vulnerable to decay and attack. The development and significance of individualism within human kind has caused the larger system of our existence to be subject to neglect. This has been documented throughout history with extreme portions of human death due to war and poverty. Currently we are experiencing radical climate change and environmental collapse as a result of human impact. Our abuse and strain on natural resources and overpopulation and consumption are leading us towards a tipping in point in which we will have to rectify the damage through effective communication or else perish. Once again we potentially see the triumph of systems that are able to effectively communicate destroying those who cannot. The earth may succeed in eradicating mankind through natural disaster, our overpopulation may see us succumb to lack of resources and our scientific triumph in creating deadly weapons will see chemical systems succeed in killing large portions of human population. (Lopes, T., Chermack, T.J., Demers, D., Kari, M., Kasshanna, B. & Payne, T. 2009, “Human extinction scenario frameworks”, Futures, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 731-737).
The continued existence and progression of any system is fueled by communication. The exchange of information tells the system what it is doing and what it must continue to do in order to survive and thrive. Communication must serve the functionality of the system or else it will fail and the system is doomed to collapse. This means that communication must have the ability to be agile and versatile in order to organise a defence and offence against attack from other systems. The more advanced and evolved the communicating elements of the system are the healthier the system is proven to be however, the elements must all be focused on the larger systems existence as a whole. If these components are too self-actualised and internally focused then they will neglect the system in favour of their own personal and self-gratifying communication and growth. Because every system is ultimately a system within a system right down to the atom it is an extremely delicate and ever changing order that balances precariously on communication. The limitations of communication are intricate and complex, specifically in the case of the emotionally and mentally individualised mankind. By looking at the communicative failures of human beings from personal relationships through to war and poverty we can ascertain that communication must be constant and of quality. If there is a cease in communication the system will not wait, it will starve. If communication is not moving forwards it is moving backwards and where one system fails to communicate another triumphs.
- Page, R. & Gamboa, R. 2013, “How Computers Work: Computational Thinking for Everyone”, Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science, vol. 106, pp. 1
- Besaw, J.E., Warburton, P.L. & Poirier, R.A. 2015, “Atoms and bonds in molecules: topology and properties”,Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, 134, no. 10, pp. 1-15.http://link.springer.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/article/10.1007/s00214-015-1717-4/fulltext.html
- Yeger, H. 2015, “The evolution of human communication”,Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling, 9, no. 3, pp. 289-290.http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12079-015-0286-6
- Reynolds, K. & Turner, J. 2006, “Individuality and the prejudiced personality”, European Review of Social Psychology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 233-270 http://www-tandfonline-com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/doi/full/10.1080/10463280601050880
- Kaplan, G. 2014, “Animal communication”, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 661-677. Kaplan, G. 2014, “Animal communication”, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 661-677.http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/doi/10.1002/wcs.1321/full
- Palazzi, F. 2014, “Would Human Extinction Be Morally Wrong?”, Philosophia, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1063 1084. http://link.springer.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/article/10.1007%2Fs11406-014-9553-7
- Lopes, T., Chermack, T.J., Demers, D., Kari, M., Kasshanna, B. & Payne, T. 2009, “Human extinction scenario frameworks”, Futures, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 731-737
- Jon Perry, 2012. Video- ‘What is DNA and How Does it Work?’, Music by Anthony Danzl. Research and instructional design by Varinia Acosta
- Robert Krulwich, David Bolinsky, Jason Orfanon, 2009. Video- ‘Flu Attack! How a Virus Invades Your Body’.
I have been recently trying to decide on a discussion topic for a research essay for my New Communication Technology course. We have been given a list of possible topics, one of which is an option to create our own stimulant but typical me I think I have chosen to go with the broadest and most difficult topic.
‘What is communication? Do whales communicate? Do birds? Do atoms? Does DNA communicate? What would you suggest as the limits to communication? When does a failure of human communication occur?’
The tutor even advised against this topic due to its broad nature, which only served to make it more attractive. I must be a masochist. It may not be academically corroborated but I think using this video to answer the last question will be more more insightful than any prose I could dream of writing:
My initial thought upon attempting to find academic articles to prompt thinking and use as potential references is that it is incredibly difficult to find journals explaining the workings of atoms and DNA (subjects of which I know absolutely nothing). Everything I attempt to read of academic authenticity is like trying to decipher ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. Talking about failure in communication, there’s my essay!
Iv’e volunteered my science majoring housemate as my personal tutor and instructed her to speak very slowly, use simple language and that the employment of hand puppets as teachers aids are probably a good idea.
These are the academic resources I have found thus far:
- Besaw, J.E., Warburton, P.L. & Poirier, R.A. 2015, “Atoms and bonds in molecules: topology and properties”,Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, 134, no. 10, pp. 1-15.
- Yeger, H. 2015, “The evolution of human communication”,Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling, 9, no. 3, pp. 289-290.
- Reynolds, K. & Turner, J. 2006, “Individuality and the prejudiced personality”, European Review of Social Psychology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 233-270
- Kaplan, G. 2014, “Animal communication”, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 661-677. Kaplan, G. 2014, “Animal communication”, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 661-677.
In an effort to be more connected with the world I live in I have decided to educate and involve myself in politics via the internet.
I began my journey by finding an issue I felt extremely passionate about….. TITS OUT!!!….. I mean designating a beach in Queensland to legal nude swimming, sunbathing and any fun summery naked activities under the sun! If you also care for people rights to liberation of the body and cancer of the skin than you can sign the petition here at the Queensland Parliament website.
I next visited the blog of Stuart Watt, online editor for ABC and told him that the new homepage looks fabulous! I hope that the next time he’s having a lousy day and considering throwing in the towel, stomping home, throwing himself into bed, putting on some Morrissey and crying himself to sleep that he remembers my uplifting comment and that it gives him the strength to prevail through life’s cruel challenges with his head held high!
I then educated myself on who my local Parliament representative is, being Hon Teresa Gambaro and sent her a message inquiring as to when the construction near my house is set to conclude and if the Albion train station would ever have electronic timetables installed. I’v finally given myself license to be the whinger I’ve always wanted to, but as a way of better insuring that Albion gets those sweet timetable screens I closed my message with a compliment about her recent speech ‘The Female Advantage – Leading from the Front – Women’s Network Australia, Networking Luncheon, Brisbane‘. Now to wait for the letters of gratitude to roll in from my neighbors…..
I next went on to learn about about ‘The Clean Feed Policy’ which Stephen Conroy suggested for implementation within Australia a few years ago.
Recently the Australian government made a decision to implement internet censorship through provision of a mandatory ‘clean feed’ internet service for all homes, schools and public computers. ‘This ‘clean feed’ requires Internet Service Providers to filter out a prescribed list of websites deemed prohibited by the Australian Communications and Media Authority with the apparent aim of ensuring children are ‘protected from harmful and inappropriate online material’. Stephen Conroy, Labor’s Plan for Cyber Safety 5 (2007)
We the people are entitled to choose what we wish to view and should fall upon us to monitor what our children are being exposed to not the Government. Although any parent knows how difficult it is to prevent their child from being exposed to inappropriate online content and would love the security of knowing that their child will not witness anything disturbing, as a Democracy online censorship does not have any place within our government. There are blocking programmes available to help prevent unsuitable content reaching children.
As I discussed in my blog post The Meat Market of Social Media – Am I the Butcher or the Lamb? I find it extremely difficult to draw the line on what is professional online conduct under a Burlesque performance account. In order to gauge how my fellow showgirls and boys were treading in these murky waters I created a survey titled ‘The Business of Burlesque – What Importance is Social Media?’ and invited performers who operate on social media under their stage name to partake in my survey over Facebook.
Whilst designing my survey I wished to learn if other performers struggled with the issue as much as I do, to get a general consensus on the collective opinion in regards to online professionalism, to collect enough information to help clarify what is acceptable and govern my own social media choices, and to ultimately answer the question of how relevant social media is to the industry of striptease. I asked the following multiple choice (if not otherwise indicated) questions:
- As a Burlesque Performer what would you say your primary use for social media is?
- To market myself within the industry and seek potential opportunities for being hired.
- To support, socialise and engage with the online Burlesque community.
- To express and share my passion for the art form, gaining and inspiring online follows.
- Do you find it difficult to separate your Burlesque life from your real life on social media?
- No, if my account is under my stage name then I will not allow anything unrelated to my performance life to be linked to it.
- No, burlesque is a huge part of my ‘real life’ and I’m comfortable sharing all aspects of myself on social media, whether sparkles or sweat pants. Nobody really believes we are our character 24/7 and maintaining a sense of realism and freedom of expression within the community is a great way to share in more fun and support.
- Yes, but only when friends/ family/ co-workers tag me in non-performance related photographs and links.
- Yes, I find it extremely difficult as I desire to maintain a professional performance account that is not convoluted with mundane or unrelated photographs and posts from the real me. However, I also wish to use social media for communicating, socialising and expressing myself outside of Burlesque but cannot maintain separate accounts.
- Which of the following do you feel are unprofessional to post on a social media account that is under a Burlesque stage name? (you can select multiple answers)
- Anything that is not in some way related to Burlesque, I only really post things that are going to promote me as a performer or connect me to other performers.
- Photos of myself participating in mundane activities, eg coffee with friends, relatives birthday party, work function etc. Burlesque is about creating an image of flawless glamour and sophistication, I would not burst this bubble for the sake of potential audience members and the perception of other industry professionals.
- Only if it’s something negative eg. bullying, spreading hate or shame.
- Anything inappropriate and/ or trashy eg. making out with somebody, appearing to be extremely intoxicated etc.
- Anything that is too strong in opinion. It’s great that you’re so passionate about said social/ environmental/ political issue but Burlesque is about fun!
- Do you ever feel apprehensive when posting something on social media? (multiple answers)
- No, I trust myself to post appropriate content and I rarely experience any issues.
- No, I don’t care what people think of me. Those who matter don’t mind and those who mind don’t matter.
- Yes, normally in regards to a post or photograph being unrelated or unprofessional in relation to Burlesque.
- Yes, normally in regards to a post or photograph being too raunchy or sexually implicit/ graphic for the family/ co-workers/ employers that will see.
- Yes, if it has potential to affect my privacy or safety.
- Do you think professional social media conduct is important to your image within the Burlesque industry and potential to be hired for shows?
- No, social media is really just for us to engage with one another in an online community. We are booked for shows primarily through word of mouth, the quality and popularity of our pre-existing routines and our reputation as professionals performing at and attending events. It’s all based on the physical world.
- Yes, if we are conducting ourselves unprofessionally online then we will not be attractive to producers or other performers at events. Image and reputation are vital to Burlesque, and online behaviour is more than capable of shaping and altering your image and reputation.
- Although most producers are normally performers themselves/ are associated with the industry in some way and will most likely be seeing your social media, unless you are behaving extremely negatively/ inappropriately it is unlikely they will mind some cross over into the banality of your everyday life.
- Are there any aspects of the functionality of Burlesque within social media that you have thought about? Any concerns you have regarding performer accounts?(type response below)
I was pleased to receive as satisfying forty one responses to my survey and twelve written responses to the final question, giving me a wide range of results to analyse. In my study I found that the majority of participants used their social media equally for marketing themselves and securing gigs as well as socialising within the Burlesque community and supporting one another. I also found that the split was fairly equal in that participants didn’t struggle too much to separate their personal lives from their Burlesque lives between those that kept the two completely segregated and those who used the single account for both. I found that most performers felt apprehensive about online privacy and safety before anything else. Based on the fourth, fifth and the written responses I received for the sixth question I ascertained that while majority of performers felt that Burlesque social media accounts should be treated the same as any other business account and strict level of professionalism should be upheld in order to maintain respect and continue being hired within the scene they also felt that some crossover into everyday life is harmless. The main concern expressed in the written answers is that negativity is not acceptable conduct, anything ranging from a general whiny and pessimistic disposition to racism and bullying are the deal breakers.
The first time I saw ‘The Matrix’ as an adolescent I knew two things immediately a. I needed a pair of tight leather pants and a PVC trench coat in my wardrobe and b. everything I have ever known could very easily and very believably be a computer simulation.
That is what is most captivating about the sci-fi sub-genre of Cyberpunk, due to a rich human history of oppressive governments and authority figures and steady yet overwhelming advancement in technology, the worlds created within cyberpunk narratives are never too far fetched to be unbelievable. It is the authenticity of the discourses explored within Cyberpunk that create texture and realism, drawing the viewer into the diegesis and forceing them to ponder. The themes of oppression, social breakdown, organic and artificial, biological and technological, cyberspace and cybernetics are topics that have been topics of discussion; lingering on the peripheral vision of our society for decades. As technology becomes more advanced and more intertwined within our culture, society and psychology the science fiction works of the 1980’s and 90’s are less fiction and more fact than ever before.
Here is a time line of The Revolution of Cyberpunk that I have created documenting the key moments in Cyberpunk history.
Before you tear off your face and attempt to grow a fresh one before Saturday night you should firstly congratulate yourself in making it this far. It’s little wander anybody crawls out from behind the shelter that their computer and mobile phone screen provides for them to actually share the same space and time romantically with another. Online dating makes people so accessible that you forget your trying to connect with actual human beings and not ordering a new living room set from Ikea. Isn’t it so typical of our modern day, fast paced, short attention span….. etc etc etc never stop to smell the roses……. etc bigger, louder, faster, sexier etc etc apathetic spoiled punk generation etc etc…..that as soon as there is a pause or lull in the text communication you can have a brand new one in front of you within the minute. Meeting with someone new is scary but the biggest challenge by far is building enough of a rapport with someone in spite of the limitations, or better yet lack there of, or even still better yet sever limitations the internet restricts us with.
How is the human race going to procreate when we are so spoiled for choice and accessibility of potential mating partner that we can’t even focus on one person long enough to have the coitus?
As technology advances coinciding ethical and legal dilemmas are being raised. Closed circuit television surveillance technology has now evolved to being able to record and filter large lengths of video in graphic detail, identify and track objects and human faces as well behavioural patterns and quickly send alarms to security systems and authorities if anything unusual is recognised.
Smart CCTV is excellent news for protection and crime prevention, however it can be argued that this degree of intelligence in surveillance poses the ability to violate human rights from an ethical and legal stand point. The most effective way to use CCTV in the fight against crime is to to prevent unlawful activities through making the public aware that they are being monitored. However, It has been proven in recent studies that human subjects are aware of being filmed experience heightened anxiety and self awareness. Is it fair to deploy such psychological distress upon innocent civilians? Where and when is is appropriate to have visual recording equipment stationed? With the hyper sensitivity that allows smart CCTV to be so detailed in features, there is a concern that non-suspicious activity from minority groups such as disabled peoples may be recognised as unusual due to the unnatural body movement, raising issues about discrimination.
Ultimately Smart CCTV is a positive advancement in security technology, but as with any new developments ethics and laws must also be considered and developed to appropriately correspond .
Held, C., Krumm, J., Markel, P. & Schenke, R.P. 2012, “Intelligent Video Surveillance“, Computer, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 83-84.
Paper found on Griffith University Library Database under ‘Engineering’ > ‘Information Technology’.
Addicted subjects prefer cyber relationships taking time away from interpersonal relations, basic for a well-balanced social life. It is pretty easy browsing the net for hours getting lost – without being aware of it – in that structure with its all endless links. The user will find him or herself browsing without a specific purpose while his or her mind will be totally oriented toward a compulsive use of the technology (Del Miglio C., Corbelli S. (2006) Attualità in psicologia. Le nuove dipendenze Volume 18, n.1/2 pp. 9-36 e 139-156).
Reading this paragraph made me feel compelled to immediately hurl my laptop and i phone off of the Victoria Bridge and into the Brisbane River where they could no longer corrupt my mental willpower and I could be free to pursue a rich life of deep human connection and higher knowledge, but let me just check my Facebook real quick first. For these words hit a little too close for comfort. I often worry that I am spending so much of my precious and limited time aimlessly drifting through cyber space like a junkie lost in the omnipotence of their high, feeling that time is infinite, and when away from the web constantly, subconsciously and compulsively reaching for a phone that isn’t there like a junkie actively craving their next hit.
The five types of internet addiction have been recognised by the American Center for Online Addiction are:
1) Cyber Sexual Addiction. Addicted people download, use and trade cyber pornographic materials and they are also very often involved in adult chat rooms, obsessed by cyber sex and cyber pornographic materials.
2) Cyber Relationship Addiction. Addicted people turn out to be too much involved with cyber relationships and they can even be caught up in cyber adultery (Lavenia, Marcucci, 2005).
3) Social Network Addiction. All virtual communities which people can create public or semi-public profiles. Facebook is the most famous social network; it counts 60 millions of users constantly growing.
4) Net Gaming Addiction. It includes a wide range of behaviours like gambling, video games, shopping and obsessive e-trading.
5) Information Overload. Also know as information overload addiction. The abundance of information on the Internet creates a new compulsive behaviour which is related to the web surfing or searching of databases. Addicted people use more and more time to search and organize data. An obsessive-compulsive tendency and a reduction of work productivity are connected with this type of addiction.
And the most important behavioral symptoms characterizing Internet addiction are:
- The need to spend more and more time on the Internet to get satisfied.
- A pronounced lack of interest in all activities except the Internet.
- When the addiction is reduced or interrupted, experiencing psycho-motor agitation, anxiety, depression, obsessive thinking about what is going on the Internet, typical withdrawal symptoms (Shapira, Lessig, Goldsmith, 2003).
- The need to log on to the Internet more frequently and for lengths of time exceeding what was allowed in advance.
- The inability to interrupt or keep under control the use of the Internet.
- Wasting of time in Internet related activities.
- Continued use of the Internet despite the awareness of health, social, psychological issues.
Now upon reading those lists I don’t feel that my friends and family are planning a cybervention that will result in my being dragged to cyber rehab (yet) but my inability to participate in non internet related activities without feeling aware of my detachment from the web and my frequent time squandering online concerns me dearly. I worry that my online activity will effect the quality of, and my ability to form real life relationships as well as my mental ambition and speed of thought. I’m aware that when communicating with others from behind a screen I am afforded the luxury of google and online dictionary and thesaurus to quickly, intelligently and articulately express myself, which in turn causes me to doubt myself and my ability to communicate as effectively or appear as polished in voice and face to face communication.
Ultimately I feel that the internet is fantastic platform for information, support, growth and expression and with anything that is positively stimulating it can lead to abuse. It is important for us to not lose sight of what the internet is, we can use it to benefit our lives and simultaneously maintain healthy, unaffected relationships and mental state through keeping balance in the general scope of our life. We do not need to heave our electronics into the nearest body of water to have freedom, we just need understanding and self control.
Reference – Salicetia, F. 2015, “Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD)”, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 191, pp. 1372-1376.
Paper found on the Griffith University Library Databases under ‘Health’ > ‘Psychology’.
If by chance you feel you are living on the other end of the spectrum and are concerned that you are not meeting your daily internet needs the book ‘Meaning in the Age of Social Media‘ may be of assistance! Helping you explore social media and find ways that you can squeeze more internet into your life, or better yet more of your life onto the internet!
As a continuation of my journey in improved online productivity and a general triumph of the human spirit I have this week learned how to use my university library! As a demonstration of how you at home can effectively find useful and specific journals and books online, and mostly to prove once and for all that my noggin does not (solitarily) contain the toy monkey clashing together the big symbols, I have found and referenced all of the books written by my New Communication Technologies lecturer Stephen Stockwell.
- Edinburgh Companion to the History of Democracy (edited with Ben Isakhan) Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh 2012
- Secret History of Democracy Stockwell, S.E. 2010, Rhetoric and Democracy: Deliberative Opportunities in Current Electoral Processes, VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
- Rhetoric and Democracy Stockwell, S.E. 2010, Rhetoric and Democracy: Deliberative Opportunities in Current Electoral Processes, VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
- Political Campaign Strategy Stockwell, S., 1954 & Informit 2005, Political campaign strategy: doing democracy in the 21st century, Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne.
- All Media Guide to Fair and Cross Cultural Reporting Stockwell, S., 1954 & Scott, P., 1961 2000, All-media guide to fair and cross-cultural reporting: for journalists, program makers and media students, Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy, Nathan, Qld.
I accomplished this impressive feat by going to the Griffith Library webpage and typing ‘Professor Stephen Stockwell’ into the search bar. I was then taken to a profile of the professor which included a widget to a list of his publications. I then went on to find the full citation in Harvard referencing for each publication by clicking ‘Books/ E Books’ on the Griffith Library, searching his name and finding each book via consulting the list. Next I clicked into the ‘Citation’ tab that appeared of the right hand side of the webpage upon holding my mouse over the book title and chose Harvard style referencing. Voila’!
Speaking in French….. Hold your applause until the end because next I will be using the Griffith Library Database to find three academic books that would serve useful to writing an essay on Jean Luc Godard’s French sci-fi film noir classic Alphaville, which Stephen recently visited in the lecture.
By going onto the Griffith Library webpage I clicked on the link titled ‘Databases’ in the list under ‘Browse Recourses by Type and Subject’. I then clicked on ‘Visual and Creative Arts’ in the subject list and then ‘Screen Media’ in the following list. Once in ‘Screen Media’ I clicked on ‘Get Started’ at the top of the page and searched Alphaville, bringing up a plethora of academic book choices. Bang!